The wild hogs that exist in the Texas today had ancestors who date back for centuries and maybe millions of years. It is well-known that early American explorers and settlers brought the first wild boars into the United States in the 1500s, but the populations of wild pigs that exist today remain alive because of animal husbandry techniques during colonization, as well as wild boars mating and populating on their own.
At present, these wild ancestors of domesticated pigs can be found in 75% of the US states. Wild boar populations continue to rise in many of the states besides Texas and they are becoming more and more aggressive. The Associated Press has reported that wild boars in the United States cause upwards of $1.5 billion in damage every year to United States agriculture. This damage is one of many reasons why more hunters should take up hog hunting in Texas.
Wild pigs living in the Texas are quite intelligent and have unfortunately become quite aggressive towards humans and in many cases domesticated pets. They have picked up some bad habits, which has naturally made them unpopular with many Americans. They like eating some of our threatened species and they have been known to spread invasive weeds along with transmitting 30 different diseases to humans and our livestock.
At present, Texas ranks the highest when it comes to wild boar population. Predictions show that this population is only going to increase, in spite of Texans spending up to $7 million a year to reduce the number of wild boars in our state. In fact, reports show that, if something effective is not done soon, the number of wild hogs in Texas may triple in the next five years.
One reason for this rapidly growing population is that feral hogs can begin having babies at the young age of six months old. Each full grown sow is estimated to have about 1 ½ litters every year. Each litter is said to have between 6 and 12 piglets, which is rapidly adding to the wild boar population.
As these animals can grow to upwards of 300 pounds, and as they are noted to have become more aggressive towards humans in recent years, they are now frequently terrorizing tourists and killing off wildlife in national parks across the United States. They often also erode soil due to their incessant digging and have been shown to kill many species of fish and endangered sea turtle eggs.
The goal in the United States today is not to eradicate the wild boar, which many feel is an impossible goal anyway, but to control the population down to a much more manageable level. Because these creatures can thrive and survive in just about any condition and climate, they continue to repopulate and virtually take over many areas in the United States, specifically the southern states. Wild boars have no natural predators and have become extremely talented at evading human traps. Those who have evaded capture become even smarter, producing more intelligent offspring, which continues the trend of a growing population that is causing great difficulty for Americans everywhere.